Fort Cronkhite, Marin Headlands

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Fort Cronkhite is a former U.S. Army post, established in the late 1930s, that served as part of the coastal artillery defenses of San Francisco Bay, California. The fort is named after former Major General Adelbert Cronkhite who was in command of the 80th Division during World War I.

The rapid military buildup of the United States in the early 1940s required tens of thousands of temporary wooden structures built to house the growing ranks. The Quartermaster Corps and the Corps of Engineers were put in charge of the building projects around the country. Construction was based on standard plans used nationwide, including barracks, mess halls, supply depots, chapels, and recreation buildings. The facility was used during the Cold War to house soldiers of the nearby Nike Missile launch site. Fort Cronkhite was permanently closed in 1974.

The Marin Headlands overlook the fort and includes several historic military fortifications, such as Forts Cronkhite and Barry, and a large number of bunkers and batteries. This hilly peninsula is on the southernmost end of Marin County, located just north of San Francisco across the Golden Gate Bridge. The entire area is now part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area managed by the National Park Service. Rodeo Beach, which separates Rodeo Lagoon from the Pacific Ocean, is located adjacent to Fort Cronkhite and is a popular destination for visitors. Read more here and here. Explore more of Fort Cronkhite and the Marin Headlands here: