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Anchorage is on Knik Arm, in Cook Inlet, about 75 miles (121 km) north of Seward, and is the largest city in Alaska. The city was established in 1913 as a construction camp and headquarters of the Alaska Railroad that was built from Seward to Fairbanks. The camp was originally referred to as "Ship Creek" and "Woodrow," but with the establishment of the Anchorage post office in 1914-15 the present name became official. The name was derived from the Knik Anchorage immediately off shore from the camp at the mouth of Ship Creek.
The Port of Anchorage is near the original Ship Creek construction camp on Knik Arm at the head of Cook Inlet where the tide range often exceeds 33 feet (10 m). The Port was built in the late 1950's and began operations in 1961. Over 38,000 tons of marine cargo moved across a single berth in the first year of operation. Today over 3.5 million tons of food, building materials, cars, clothing, cement, fuel and other goods are handled each year.
The port handles more ships, tugs and barges than any other deep-water port in the state and is the primary import gateway for more than 85 percent of Alaska's population. The docks have direct access to the Alaska Railroad, and all intrastate highway routes, and most cargo is reloaded onto smaller vessels, trucks, trains or air transported throughout the state. Port facilities now include three cargo terminals and two petroleum terminals. The water depth at the docks is maintained at 35 feet (11 m) to 45 feet (14 m). Read more here and here. Click here to download the CoastView app and explore more of Cook Inlet and Knik Arm.