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Soquel Creek runs through Capitola, a community adjacent to Santa Cruz on the north coast of Monterey Bay, about 75 miles (120 km) south of San Francisco. Osocalis was the Spanish phonetic rendering for the original name of the creek, as transcribed from the local Native American language of the Ohlone people.
The Spanish Portolà expedition was a voyage of exploration in 1769–1770, and the first recorded European land entry and exploration of the interior of present day California. It was led by Gaspar de Portolá, governor of Las Californias, the Spanish colonial province that included California, Baja California and other parts of what are now Mexico and the United States. The expedition led to the founding of Alta California and contributed to the legitimacy of Spanish territorial claims in the disputed and unexplored regions along the Pacific coast of North America.
In 1833, Martina Castro was granted Rancho Soquel by Alta California governor José Figueroa under a Mexican land grant which included the creek and adjacent lands. The original settlement grew out of what was then called Soquel Landing, for the name of a wharf built in the 1850’s at the mouth of Soquel Creek. The wharf served as an outlet for the produce and lumber grown in the interior. In 1869, Frederick A. Hihn, who owned the property in the vicinity of the wharf, decided to develop it as a seaside resort known as Camp Capitola. Capitola is now a popular tourist town and known as the oldest beach resort on the U.S. West Coast. Read more here and here. Explore more of Soquel Creek and Capitola here: